PCC / News / October 22, 2013

Uri Treisman speaks on PCC’s shift toward student success

Story by James Hill. Photos by Christine Egan.

When there’s a substantial shift in the way you are measured, big things seem to happen.

This fall, that big thing was a visit to Portland Community College by American mathematician and mathematics educator Philip Uri Treisman. The director of the Charles A. Dana Center and professor of mathematics at the University of Texas at Austin, spoke to staff and faculty during PCC’s In-Service week at the Southeast Center and the Sylvania Campus in September.

Jessica Howard (president of the Extended Learning Campus/Southeast Center) with Uri Treisman (director of the Charles A. Dana Center and professor of mathematics at the University of Texas at Austin).

Jessica Howard (president of the Extended Learning Campus/Southeast Center) with Uri Treisman (director of the Charles A. Dana Center and professor of mathematics at the University of Texas at Austin).

Treisman is credited with pioneering the Emerging Scholars Program aimed at helping students from underprivileged backgrounds excel in calculus and other courses in science. The program was first implemented at the University of California-Berkeley and has now been disseminated throughout college campuses across the United States. His efforts to improve American education have been recognized by Newsweek, The Harvard Foundation and The MacArthur Foundation, among other publications and societies.

“Bringing Dr. Uri Treisman to PCC was important because it allowed us to gain an informed, high-level perspective concerning the teaching of math and the relevance of this topic for all stakeholders in the community college,” said Jessica Howard, president of the Extended Learning Campus/Southeast Center. “Dr. Treisman is not only an innovative thinker and a consummate mathematician; he is an educator who knows the current research and data relating to success for our students. Having him speak at PCC was not only informative; it was a call to action and a confirmation of the importance of the community college in our country’s future.”

Speaker underscores PCC’s big shift

This coup of getting a nationally respected speaker resulted from PCC’s big shift from access to success and completion. The shift has been spurred externally by the state of Oregon’s emphasis on completion and measuring community colleges, tying into the state’s “40-40-20” Initiative (40 percent of the state’s adults have four-year college degrees, 40 percent have two-year degrees, and the remaining 20 percent have high school diplomas by 2025). The bottomline is that the state’s community colleges must make sure students achieve their goals, whether its earning a certificate, career pathway, associate’s degree, or transitioning from developmental education to college level courses.

“We are in the midst of a paradigm shift for community colleges when it comes to what and how we serve our students,” said Chris Chairsell, Vice President of Academic & Student Affairs. “We have to change our own behavior before we can change the behavior of students as we try to meet these kinds of metrics that are judging us.”

College council works on smoothing Panther Path

The Completion Investment Council (CIC) was formed last year to help PCC make this shift. The council is composed of a cross section of faculty, staff and administrators to provide advice and guidance. Their aim is to improve success and completion while responding to the regional and national completion agenda. The council wants to make sure students have financial preparedness, are able to complete courses, can attain college-level reading, writing and math skills, transfer to universities, or achieve a certificate, degree, employment or advancement within a job.

The council created a roadmap and organizing tool to help advance this mandated student success and completion. They call it the “Panther Path” where students go on an educational journey that includes, “Prepare, Engage, Commit, Complete and Thrive.” The CIC has been focused on the “Prepare” part of the path, analyzing data from the learning process to find what is most challenging for students.

“Panther Path gives us a visual of how the student progresses through the organization,” Chairsell said. “To complete, students have to commit and engage, but they can’t do any of that unless they are prepared.”

Student data shows math skills lacking

The Completion Investment Council has looked at a lot of data about students since it was formed. From the data they found that among the 1,000-plus credit courses taught every term, 50 percent of enrollment is focused on just 49 classes. They also found that no math, developmental education or math intensive courses were in the high success-rated category. Conversely, in the high enrollment, low success category of classes, all but two were developmental writing, reading and math courses.

Treisman is credited with pioneering the Emerging Scholars Program aimed at helping students from underprivileged backgrounds excel in calculus and other courses in science.

Treisman is credited with pioneering the Emerging Scholars Program aimed at helping students from underprivileged backgrounds excel in calculus and other courses in science.

In a fall term 2012 survey of 4,500 students who took the placement test, 88 percent were placed into developmental math. Thirty-four percent of the students were placed into the bottom class (Math 20), which is at least three courses away from the minimum math standard for some associate’s degrees. In data tracking of the 2010 fall term cohort of new students placed into Math 20, 76 percent completed their course, 41 percent eventually went on and completed Math 60, and 24 percent were able to finish Math 65 by the end of fall 2012, two full years later.

“Math in general is a challenge and is a national issue,” Chairsell said. “If students don’t come to us prepared they are not going to succeed. We know students aren’t coming prepared. During this terrible recession, people with high school credentials lost their jobs and couldn’t find work. They’ve been away from math for a very long time and they come back not ready. Our clientele has changed significantly. People that were in the workforce with no intention of coming back to college have lost their jobs and now are here and not prepared.”

Chairsell added that the data suggests there is a need for a clear strategic plan with institutional priorities from the president and the board directors; development of a college-wide math achievement culture; leverage technology to create a robust student communication system; constantly review strategies and practices; and continue to explore classroom instruction strategies and align them with student services.

Math pioneer’s visit drives point home

Enter Uri Treisman.

His speech talked about aligning the classroom with student services. He said colleges need to get great faculty that have, or are open to, that sort of approach.

Treisman said PCC can leverage its strengths to tackle the developmental math issue by creating a sense of community and belonging for students. One solution, which illustrates his point of joining student services with what happens in the classroom, was not to wait for the students to come to the tutoring center. Have the tutoring center staff work directly with the math instructor beginning on the first day of class, Treisman said. They can collectively identify the students who may have difficulties with the coursework or may not feel part of the class and reach out to those students.

“When students come to the college, they are sure they are going to succeed,” he added. “After the first assignment in math, they are blown away and become demotivated and already start lowering their expectations. After three weeks, they start to doubt whether they can really do this.

“Tutoring assumes students will come to that ‘tutoring community’ when they realize one or two weeks into math (they are overwhelmed),” Treisman said. “The problem is, once you are a week behind in math – you are already dead in the water. It’s too late. The group study format equals better student performance and a sense of belonging.”

Comments

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x by Jordan 11 months ago

Working as a PCC Academic Adviser I always get asked the question “what can I do that doesn’t require or is limited in math”.

x by Jim Fasulo 11 months ago

I’ve had a similar experience, as an advisor at PCC, to Jordan. Students often state that they are “not good in math” and seek a way
around the subject.

It is clear that students who fail in math or attempt to avoid it have limited options at PCC so ushering in a culture of math achievement is worthwhile and a welcome step.
I’m pleased that Uri Treisman calls for faculty and student services to work together on this issue, which I support.
Excellent article, and my hope is that faculty, staff and students get a chance to read it.
Jim Fasulo

x by Jim Long 11 months ago

I wish I could have attended Dr. Treisman’s lecture. I suspect many disciplines, not just mathematics, can benefit from a more pro-active approach to bringing students and tutors together early in the education cycle. Unfortunately, funding is always an obstacle. The ASPCC’s innovative Peer Learning Grant program, for example, was recently discontinued. Although the PCC Learning Center staff does an excellent job with the resources they have (I spent most of my summer studying there!), the Peer Learning program was one of the few programs that funded student tutors in academic programs outside the usual science/writing/mathematics subjects normally found in PCC Learning Centers. Further, it utilized some of Dr. Treisman’s ideas, by coupling tutors to a specific instructor and course.

Coupling tutors with specific courses/classrooms, across more than just the STEM programs, can only increase the likelihood of student success at PCC. If the leadership of the college is serious about Dr. Treisman’s ideas, then they must commit to funding the programs that can make it happen, for students in any discipline.

x by Feature: President Brown, leaders engage college community | PCC News 11 months ago

[…] As the emphasis for community colleges across the nation changes to showing value, assessment and accountability, PCC needs to find the best ways to demonstrate those qualities in the future. Read more about completion in this recent web feature. […]

x by Burke Thornburg 10 months ago

Regarding math…. other than transfer degrees, math should be related to the vocation which is being pursued. My first AAS in 1976 showed “Related math” which included basic mathematics, then personal finance, and the foremost portion was specific to the industry I was beginning to enter…offset printing and camera work. So there was geometry, drafting skills with dividers and slide rulers, requirements to measure in paper folding and book production. We felt good and were on our way.

On a different vane for the “College of the Future”. PCC could benefit the community at alrg

x by Burke Thornburg 10 months ago

e by including in science electives the study of physics,chemistry and biology from the Intelligent Design Perspective.. from this view we are able to study science from a design-point and not random chance. Face-it…Darwinism is falsified in every operating law observable.

x by Burke Thornburg 10 months ago

Nothing wrong with reverse engineering to advance innovation as well.